Eutypa Dieback is a devastating fungal disease that attacks apricot trees and grape vines.
While Ivory Tower nerds debate over the Latin name of the little fungi (depending on which plant it attacks and who you talk to), Eutypa Dieback is no joke. Also known as Dead Arm Disease, you won’t usually see symptoms until it’s too late.
In apricot trees, all of the leaves on an infected branch will wither and die, but remain attached to the tree. Oozing cankers are found along the lower branch and the bark turns darker than normal.
Two years after grape vines are infected with Eutypa Dieback, they will begin to display leaf cupping and distortion, chlorosis, and stunted new growth. If you take a cross section of the wood, you will discover V-shaped cankers.
This insidious microorganism works its way toward the trunk, killing the entire tree or vine. Also, the fungus responsible for Eutypa Dieback seems to be broadening its dietary preferences to include cherry, walnut, chokeberry, apple, almond, olive and pear, so it is critical that infected trees and vines be completely removed as soon as they are identified, to avoid spreading to healthy plants.
Like most fungi, moisture is a key component to its development. These little buggers are opportunists, so best practices must be implemented to avoid infection. While most pruning is done in winter, plants susceptible to Eutypa Dieback are best pruned in summer. All pruning cuts are wounds. While trees and vines have evolved natural protections, these cuts need time to dry and heal. If it rains 2-6 weeks after a cut is made, the Eutypa Dieback fungus can take hold and kill you tree. Improperly aimed sprinklers can cause similar risks.
If you discover an infected branch, you can try to save the plant by removing infected limbs at least 12” below any internal symptoms. This means making a cut where you think the disease has not reached and examining the cross-section for signs of infection. If chaotic, oozing wood is found, pruning tools must be dipped in a solution of 1 part bleach and 9 parts water before making another cut, or you will become the infector! Keep cutting down the branch until healthy wood is seen. This does not guarantee the life of your plant - it is only marginally successful.
I hope this information inspires you to grow more of your own food. You can ask your garden questions on my Home page.