There is far more to plant roots than meets the eye.
It took plants 50 million years to develop roots as we know them today. Everyone knows that roots provide anchorage and access to water and minerals in the soil. But they do far more than that!
The first structure to emerge from a sprouting seed is called the radicle. The radicle becomes the primary root. If the primary root continues to grow and develop, it will have a taproot system. Carrots are a common example of a taproot. If several smaller roots develop, the plant will have a fibrous root system. In either case, good soil health and structure are critical to plant health.
When removing plants from your yard or garden, it is best, whenever possible, to cut the plant at ground level and leave the roots in the ground. As the roots decompose, they will feed the local soil microorganisms, which will migrate, over time, to help another plant thrive.
I hope this information inspires you to grow more of your own food. You can ask your garden questions on my Home page.